Japan, the world’s third-largest economy, was already grappling with recovery from two recessions when on March 11, 2011, an earthquake off its northeast coast triggered a tsunami that killed or displaced many thousands of people and caused billions of dollars in damage as well as a nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. In the wake of disaster, Japan’s economy has shrunk, China has challenged its borders, and the country faces perilous demographic adjustments from decreased fertility and an aging populace. In this volume, scholars of Japanese economics, politics, law, and society chart the possible futures for Japan. Will the country experience a continued erosion of global economic and political power? Or will it find a way to protect its status as an important player in global affairs? Both a roadmap for change and a look at how Japan arrived at its present situation, this collection of thought-provoking analyses will be essential for understanding the current landscape and future prospects of this world power.