African Peacebuilding Network Advisory Board Members
Michael Barnett is University Professor of International Affairs and Political Science at the George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs. He previously taught at the University of Minnesota, the University of Wisconsin, Macalester College, Wellesley College, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was a visiting scholar at the New School for Social Research and the Dayan Center at Tel-Aviv University, and was a visiting professor at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. Barnett has published extensively on international relations theory, global governance, humanitarian action, and the Middle East. He is the author of many books, including The Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism. Barnett is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the recipient of many grants and awards for his research. He most recently served as the Harold Stassen Chair of International Relations and professor of political science at the University of Minnesota's Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
Jean-Bosco Butera is currently the director of the Africa Programme of the United Nations–mandated University for Peace (UPEACE) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, whose core mission is to stimulate and strengthen teaching, training, and research in peace and conflict studies in Africa. As part of this mission, Butera was instrumental in the creation of the Institute for Peace and Security Studies at Addis Ababa University. Prior to joining UPEACE he was academic vice-rector (academic vice president) at the National University of Rwanda from 1995 to 2003, where he was responsible for rebuilding the teaching and research capacity of the university after the 1994 genocide. During this period, from 1999 to 2002, he cofounded and was national director of the Center for Conflict Management. He was also engaged in efforts to promote reconciliation, reconstruction, and human rights through support to a number of youth organizations. He was the patron of AJPRODHO, a youth association working toward human rights and development, and remains patron of Never Again Rwanda, chapter of Never Again International, a collaborative international network that aims to promote a constructive exchange of ideas to prevent violent conflict and remedy its effects. He holds a PhD in parasitology (University of Ghent, Belgium) and a certificate in human rights and development (University of Pretoria, South Africa). He has published in the areas of peace education, governance and conflicts, environment, and conflicts and capacity building.
Fantu Cheru (chair) is senior research fellow at the Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala, Sweden (research director, 2007–11) and emeritus professor of African and development studies at American University in Washington, DC. Previously, Cheru served as a member of UN secretary-general Kofi Annan’s Panel on Mobilizing International Support for the New Partnership for African Development (2005–7) as well as convener of the Global Economic Agenda Track of the Helsinki Process on Globalization and Democracy, a joint initiative of the governments of Finland and Tanzania. Cheru also served as the UN’s special rapporteur on foreign debt and structural adjustment for the UN Commission for Human Rights in Geneva from 1998–2001. In addition, Cheru has served as an advisor and consultant to a number of governments and donor institutions including the UN Economic Commission for Africa, UNDP, UN-Habitat, SIDA, DANIDA, and NORAD, among others. His current research is on the growing involvement of China, India, and other emerging giants in Africa’s development, and he currently manages a project entitled BRIC/IBSA-Africa Relations at the Nordic Africa Institute. He is currently completing a book project, “Promoting Food Security through South-South Cooperation: Assessing China, Indian and Brazilian Investments in Africa.” Cheru’s publications include Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century, coedited with Scarlett Cornelissen and Timothy M. Shaw (Palgrave, 2011), The Rise of China and India in Africa (2010), African Renaissance: Roadmaps to the Challenge of Globalization (2002), The Millennium Development Goals: Raising the Resources to Tackle World Poverty (2005), Ethiopia: Options for Rural Development (1990), and The Silent Revolution in Africa: Debt, Development and Democracy (1989). His articles have appeared in numerous international journals, including World Development, Review of African Political Economy, International Affairs, Third World Quarterly, and Global Political Economy, among others. He currently serves on the editorial boards of a number of academic journals.
Stephen Del Rosso (ex-officio) is director of international peace and security at the Carnegie Corporation of New York, where his work focuses on a range of issues including peacebuilding, nuclear security, and the dynamics of global power. He was director of programs at the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations from 1996–99 and managed the Pew Charitable Trusts Global Security Program for almost six years. A former career diplomat, Del Rosso served nearly ten years in the US Foreign Service with overseas assignments in Central America and the Caribbean. In Washington he served in the Operations Center and on the Executive Secretariat staff of Secretary of State George Shultz, as program coordinator of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, and as arms control legislative management officer and director of the Office of Legislative Management. He was also a presidential management intern in the international affairs division at NASA, news producer for the Voice of America, and staff assistant to British member of Parliament Julian Critchley. Del Rosso holds a PhD in political science from the University of Pennsylvania; an MALD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, where he was an Earhart Fellow; a diploma in international studies from the Bologna Center of Johns Hopkins SAIS; and a BA from Tufts University. He serves on several not-for-profit boards and is a member of various international affairs–related membership organizations.
Mark Duffield is currently professor of development politics at the University of Bristol and director of the Global Insecurities Centre. He has taught at the Universities of Khartoum, Aston, and Birmingham and held fellowships and chairs at Sussex, Leeds, and Lancaster. Duffield is currently a member of the Scientific Board of the Flemish Peace Institute, Brussels, and a fellow of the Rift Valley Institute, London and Nairobi. Outside of academia, during the 1980s, he was Oxfam’s country representative in Sudan. Duffield has advised government departments including DFID, EU (ECHO), the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency; NGOs such as CAFOD, International Alert, Comic Relief, and Oxfam; and UNICEF, UNOCHA, UNDP, and UNHCR. His books include Global Governance and the New Wars: The Merging of Development and Security (2001) and Development, Security and Unending War: Governing the World of Peoples (2007).
Wane El-Ghassim is currently the director of the Peace and Security Department at the African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Prior to his position as director, he held several prestigious positions with the African Union.
João Bernardo Honwana (colonel, retired, Mozambique) has been the director of the Africa II Division in the UN Department of Political Affairs since May 2012. He has served the UN as director of the Africa I Division, chief of staff of the UN Mission in Sudan, representative of the secretary-general and head of the UN Peacebuilding Support Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNGBIS), and chief of the Conventional Arms Branch in the Department for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA). Prior to joining the UN, Honwana was a senior researcher and project coordinator at the Centre for Conflict Resolution, University of Cape Town, South Africa, from June 1993 to January 2000. He participated in Mozambique’s national liberation struggle and, after independence, served in various capacities in the armed forces, including as commander of the Mozambican Air Force and Air Defence from 1986 to 1993. Honwana trained as a fighter pilot and military aviation tactical commander in the former Soviet Union (1977–80, 1982–83), graduated from the UK Royal College of Defence Studies (1990), and holds an MA in war studies (1992) from Kings College London.
Awino Okech is a researcher who has been involved in development work for the last twelve years in eastern Africa, the Great Lakes region, and South Africa. Her work has focused on women’s rights and conflict transformation and is informed by a diverse history that includes her work as gender and conflict thematic manager with ACORD International, her contribution to teaching undergraduate courses at the University of Cape Town’s African Gender Institute, and her commitment to developing alternative approaches to process engagement with communities in Kenya and South Africa through her work with initiatives such as the Mothertongue Project. As head of the Tuliwaza program at Fahamu—Networks for Social Justice, she leads the knowledge management and generation consolidation process. She continues to contribute to diverse publications including her 2010 coedited volume with 'Funmi Olonisakin, Women and Security Governance in Africa. She also serves as a member of the editorial board of one of Africa’s premier feminist journals, Feminist Africa. Awino’s research interests lie in the areas of gender, sexuality, culture, and nationalisms. She holds a PhD in critical gender studies from the University of Cape Town.
'Funmi Olonisakin is the founding director of the African Leadership Centre. She has served as the director of the Conflict, Security and Development Group at Kings College London since 2003. Prior to that she worked in the Office of the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict as advisor on Africa. She has held research and visiting positions at the University of Lagos, Nigeria, and the Institute of Strategic Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa. Trained in political science (BS, Ife, Nigeria) and War Studies (PhD, Kings College London), Olonisakin has positioned her work to serve as a bridge between academia and the world of policy and practice. Her academic research and writing have contributed to strategic thinking in post-conflict contexts and in the work of regional organizations such as ECOWAS and the African Union. She is the West African regional coordinator of the African Security Sector Network and a member of the Technical Committee of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation Governance Index. She serves on the International Advisory Board of the Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces and on the board of International Alert. Her most recent publications include Women and Security Governance in Africa, coedited with Awino Okech (Pambazuka Press, 2011); Security Sector Transformation in Africa, coedited with Alan Bryden (Lit Verlag, 2010); and Women, Peace and Security: Translating Policy into Practice, coedited with Karen Barnes and Eka Ikpe (Routledge, 2010).
Maxi Schoeman obtained her PhD in international relations from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, and is professor and head of the Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria. She has published widely on South African politics and foreign policy, African peace, and security and gender issues. Her current research focuses on gender mainstreaming in South African peacekeeping and on African conflict resolution issues. She is the deputy chairperson of the board of the Institute for Global Dialogue (South Africa) and serves on the editorial boards of African Security Review, South African Journal of International Affairs, South African Yearbook of International Law, and Global Summitry Journal.