On the Line: DSD Podcast


Froylán Enciso: A History on Drugs from Sinaloa to the World

Froylán Enciso received a DSD fellowship in 2012 to conduct research for his project, “A History on Drugs from Sinaloa to the World.” He is a Sinaloa-born doctoral student at the State University of New York at Stony Brook with a degree in international relations from El Colegio de México (2002). His project traces the history of drug dealing in Sinaloa, birthplace of one of the most violent and successful drug organizations in the Western Hemisphere. Enciso’s project will provide the first account that connects the history of the drug trade in Sinaloa with the creation and consolidation of the global prohibition regime on drugs, and it will uncover the relationship between drug trafficking and practices of state indoctrination—such as the implementation of development models and of repressive policies—shedding light on new forms of class formation, social mobility, and capital accumulation. The project will also explain the rise of narcoculture, a cultural system that reorganizes social classes according to their uses in the illicit drug market, and that was historically promoted by the people of Sinaloa before it became a concern of hemispheric security agencies or part of discourses on the failure of Mexico’s transition to democracy.

Prior to his life as a graduate student, Enciso was a researcher for the Los Angeles Times, a consultant for the Network of Diplomatic Archives at the Ibero-American Summit, and a research assistant for various academic institutions, publishing houses, and media outlets. Enciso has published more than forty academic works, including books, articles, and reviews, and more than one hundred journalistic articles. He has given more than fifty conference papers and presentations in the Americas and Europe. His academic work has been reviewed by the New Yorker, CUNY TV, USA Today, Reuters, and the Columbia Journalism Review, among many others, and he has won honorable mentions in national prizes for diplomatic and contemporary history.

Froylán Enciso recibió una beca DSD en 2012, para realizar la investigación de su proyecto “Una historia en drogas de Sinaloa para el mundo”. Enciso es sinaloense y candidato a doctor en historia de la Universidad Estatal de Nueva York en Stony Brook. También tiene una licenciatura en relaciones internacionales por El Colegio de México (2002). Su proyecto es escribir la historia del comercio de drogas en Sinaloa, origen de una de las organizaciones de tráfico de drogas más violentas y exitosas en el hemisferio. Su proyecto proveerá la primera narrativa histórica que conecta el comercio de drogas en Sinaloa con la creación y consolidación de régimen global de prohibición de estas sustancias. En esta narrativa, revelará relaciones entre el tráfico de drogas y prácticas de adoctrinamiento estatal, la puesta en práctica de modelos de desarrollo y políticas represivas, arrojando luz sobre nuevas formas de formación de clases sociales, capilaridad social y acumulación de capital. Además explicará el surgimiento de la narcocultura, un sistema cultural que reorganiza clases sociales de manera instrumental para el mercado negro de drogas ilícitas y que fue históricamente promovido por sinaloenses mucho antes de que esta región se volviera una preocupación para agencias de seguridad o para los discursos del fracaso de la transición a la democracia en México.

Antes de iniciar su vida como estudiante de posgrado, Enciso fue investigador de Los Angeles Times, consultor de la Red de Archivo Diplomáticos de la Cumbre Iberoamericana y asistente de investigación de diversas instituciones académicas, casas editoriales y medios de comunicación. Enciso ha publicado más de 40 trabajos académicos, incluyendo libros, artículos y reseñas, y más de 100 artículos periodísticos y de divulgación. También ha impartido más de 50 conferencias y presentaciones en diferentes países de América y Europa. Su trabajo académico ha sido reseñado en medios como New Yorker, CUNY TV, USA Today, Reuters, the Columbia Journalism Review, entre muchos otras, y ha ganado menciones honoríficas en premios naciones de historia diplomática y contemporánea.



Damion Blake on Jamaica’s Dons

Damion Blake was a 2011 Drugs, Security and Democracy dissertation fellow. He recently completed his PhD in Political Theory, Alliance for Social, Political, Ethical and Cultural Thought (ASPECT Program) at Virginia Tech with his project "Violent Actors and Embedded Power: Exploring the Evolving Roles of Jamaica’s Dons."

Blake’s research examines the intersection of politics, violence, and drugs in Jamaica through investigations of the roles of dons (organized crime bosses) in local inner-city slum communities called garrisons. These urban communities are characterized by homogeneous and, in some cases, over-voting patterns for one of Jamaica’s two major political parties, the Peoples National Party (PNP) or the Jamaica Labor Party (JLP), as well as by governmental neglect and deep partisan identities among residents. Dons have evolved as governing authorities inside Jamaica’s garrisons, and Blake makes use of the concept of embeddedness to describe and interpret how dons have managed to retain their positions of power and control despite attempts at law enforcement to remove them.

Blake holds a bachelor of arts and a master of science from the University of the West Indies (UWI) at Mona, Jamaica. He has taught at UWI and in the departments of history and political science at Virginia Tech. In the spring of 2012, he was a Virginia Foundation for the Humanities (VHF) Fellow. Blake is also a guest columnist with the Gleaner in Jamaica, contibuting commentary pieces on Caribbean political economy and violence.


Yanilda Gonzalez on Participatory Security in Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia

Yanilda Gonzalez was awarded a Drugs, Security and Democracy (DSD) fellowship in 2011 to conduct research for her dissertation project, “Reform as a Safety Valve: Causes and Consequences of ‘Participatory Security.’” She is a graduate student in the Politics Department, as well as in the Joint Degree Program in Politics and Social Policy, at Princeton University. In the past year Gonzalez has conducted DSD-funded research on participatory security policies in Buenos Aires and São Paulo, and she is currently completing her research in Bogotá, Colombia.

Gonzalez’s work explores why political leaders seek to enact reforms that involve community participation in security strategies. What are the determinants that prompt policymakers to introduce such reforms? What are the impacts of participatory security policies on state capacity, citizenship, and citizen attitudes in settings characterized by broad-based distrust of police and low confidence in the state’s ability to curb crime and violence? How does the nature and role of citizenship change through participation in an issue area like security?

Prior to her work on this research, Gonzalez worked at the New York Civil Liberties Union and with the human rights organization ANDHES (Abogados y Abogadas del Noroeste Argentino en Derechos Humanos y Estudios Sociales) as the coordinator of the “Policía, Sociedad y Democracia” project, an initiative that sought to improve police-community relations as well as open a debate about the role of the police in democratic settings.

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