HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation - Researchers

Individual Awardees:

Andrei Andreev (Moscow)
Mentor: Judyth Twigg, VCU
Topic: What is the role of organizations run by Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)? How does the involvement of activists with HIV/AIDS legitimate these organizations, and to what extent are these NGOs limited by the personal interests of their heads?

Natalya Beletskaya (Novosibirsk)
Mentor: Sergei Oushakine, Princeton University
Topic: What factors determine whether young people engage in risky or safe sexual behaviors? What do they know about HIV/AIDS, where do they get this information and how does this information influence their behavior and planning for future sexual activity?
Methodology: deep interviews with teenagers (16-18), orphanage staff, children who live at their homes, and specialists (teachers, adolescents’ doctors); also analysis of documents related to HIV/AIDS prevention programs in schools.

Mikhail Nemtsev (Novosibirsk)
Mentor: Sergei Oushakine, Princeton University
Topic: How have religious organization in Biisk addressed HIV/AIDS—what is the attitude of religious leaders and activists, how to PLWHA see their activities, and what is the view of other specialists in the community?
Methodology: anthropological interviews in a single community.

Olga Bendina (Saratov)
Mentor: Michele Rivkin-Fish, UNC-Chapel Hill
Topic: How do women with HIV/AIDS relate to their doctors (and vice versa)? Do the women use informal relations and gifts/payments to try to improve the quality of care they receive? (How do they define quality of care?)
Methodology: semi-formal interviews of 10-15 women with HIV/AIDS.

Anna Pustarnakova (Samara)
Mentor: Michele Rivkin-Fish, UNC-Chapel Hill
Topic: Focused on the rights of women living with HIV in Samara oblast. To what extent are their rights to medical care, employment, and access to goods & services observed or violated?
Methodology: interviews with women living with HIV, visits to their support group and workers of the NGO running it, as well as with officials and doctors. Documents reviewing the HIV/AIDS situation in Samara Oblast are also examined.

Julia Kondinskaya (St. Petersburg)
Mentor: Kate Schecter, AIHA, Wash., DC
Topic: How do HIV+ women access medical care in Tomsk Oblast, and how do doctors and senior medical personnel view/treat these women? What is the gap between medical care that is legally available and what is actually provided? Does codifying rights in legislation improve access?
Methodology: analysis of relevant legislation, interviews with medical personnel and women living with HIV/AIDS.

Julia Viktorova (St. Petersburg)
Mentor: Kate Schecter, AIHA, Wash., DC
Topic: How do pregnant HIV+ women decide whether or not to have a child? What kind of discrimination/pressure/stigmatization do they encounter from doctors? What kind of assistance/support do they receive from the medical profession and/or NGOs?
Methodology: interviews with HIV+ women and an NGO working with them in St. Petersburg.

Svetlana Maximova (Barnaul)
Mentor: Ted Gerber, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Topic: Are knowledge levels positively associated with lower sexual risk-taking?
Methodology: *

Natalia Federova (St. Petersburg)
Mentor: Ted Gerber, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Topic: Focusing on whether sexual education and advertisements reduce risky sexual behavior. Examining how gender, cultural, religious and ethnic stereotypes predict sexual risk behavior, and trying to identify factors that reduce risk-taking. Do the different views of men and women on gender roles explain differences in male/female behavior and higher/lower risk for STD and HIV exposure?
Methodology: *

Stanislav Pozdnyakov (Kuban)
Mentor: Cynthia Buckley, SSRC
Topic: Is it possible to construct a scale or index of "risk behavior"? How do gender, education, and religious differences affect risk behavior?
Methodology: *

Violetta Khabibullina (Kazan)
Mentor: Cynthia Buckley, SSRC
Topic: How does being part of a couple affect sexual risk-taking?
Methodology: *

*All four of these quantitative projects attempt to conceptualize and measure the idea of “risk related behavior” (which can include having more than one partner, partnering with a promiscuous partner, drug use, alcohol use, lack of condom use, non-marital sexual engagement, etc.). They rely on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) data base.

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