Advancing Transitional Justice Series

Advancing Transitional Justice is a series of books produced by the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ). Presenting innovative work in the field of transitional justice, the series addresses important gaps in scholarship and provides comparative analysis of transitional justice measures and the difficult contexts in which they take place. Each edited volume presents the findings of a different research project conducted by ICTJ and should be of interest to the academic community, policymakers, and practitioners. The projects explore not just particular justice measures but also the relationship between transitional justice and other fields. Each book is available for purchase in hard copy or downloadable, for free, in an electronic version.

The International Center for Transitional Justice helps societies confronting massive human rights abuses promote accountability, pursue truth, provide reparations, and build trustworthy institutions. Committed to the vindication of victims’ rights and the promotion of gender justice, ICTJ provides expert technical advice, policy analysis, and comparative research on transitional justice measures, including criminal prosecutions, reparations initiatives, truth seeking, memorialization efforts, and institutional reform. For more information, visit

About the ICTJ Research Unit

ICTJ’s Research Unit is at the forefront of developing a richer understanding of the field of transitional justice as a whole. The unit conducts research projects that are comparative in nature, global in scope, and on topics underresearched in the field. These projects are designed to be policy friendly, and at the same time normatively rich, so as to contribute to giving content to the notion of transitional justice. Our research targets a variety of audiences, including practitioners, policymakers, academics, students, and ICTJ staff worldwide. Each project has produced a variety of outputs, including edited volumes, policy and research briefs, guidelines and principles, and reports of different kinds. The unit has conducted ten projects over the past ten years. For more information, visit

This series is a joint project of the International Center for Transitional Justice and the Social Science Research Council.

Transitional Justice and Education: Learning Peace

Edited by Clara Ramírez-Barat and Roger Duthie

After periods of conflict and authoritarianism, education institutions often need to be reformed or rebuilt, yet legacies of injustice may pose significant challenges to effective reform. Peacebuilding and development perspectives, which normally drive the reconstruction agenda, pay little attention to the violent past. This volume presents the findings of a collaborative research project of the International Center for Transitional Justice and UNICEF on the relationship between transitional justice and education in peacebuilding contexts.

Transitional Justice, Culture, and Society: Beyond Outreach

Edited by Clara Ramírez-Barat

Transitional justice processes have a fundamental public dimension: their impact depends in part on the social support they receive. How can media and art be used to engage society in discussions around accountability? How do media influence social perceptions and attitudes toward the legacy of the past? To what extent is social engagement in the public sphere necessary to advance the political transformation that transitional justice measures hope to promote? Examining the roles that culture and society play in transitional justice contexts, this volume focuses on the ways in which communicative practices can raise public awareness of and reflection upon the legacies of mass abuse.

Transitional Justice and Displacement

Edited by Roger Duthie

Transitional Justice is often pursued in contexts where people have been forced from their homes by human rights violations and have suffered additional abuses while displaced. Little attention has been paid, however, to how transitional justice measures can respond to the injustices of displacement. Transitional Justice and Displacement is the result of a collaborative research project of the International Center for Transitional Justice and the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement. The book makes a compelling case for ensuring that justice measures address displacement and that responses to displacement incorporate transitional justice.

Disarming the Past: Transitional Justice and Ex-combatants

Edited by Ana Cutter Patel, Pablo de Grieff, and Lars Waldorf

Over the past twenty years, international donors have invested in large-scale disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs. In the same period there has been a proliferation of transitional justice measures to help render truth, justice, and reparations in the aftermath of state violence and civil war. Yet DDR programs are seldom analyzed to consider justice-related aims, and transitional justice mechanisms rarely articulate strategies for coordinating with DDR. This volume examines how these two types of initiatives have connected—or failed to connect—in peacebuilding contexts and begins to articulate how future DDR programs ought to link with transitional justice aims.

Transitional Justice and Development: Making Connections

Pablo de Grieff and Roger Duthie

Developing societies emerging from conflict and authoritarianism are frequently beset by poverty, inequality, weak institutions, broken infrastructure, poor governance, insecurity, and low levels of social capital. The same countries are also often the scene of massive human rights violations that leave in their wake victims who have strong claims to justice. Yet those who work alongside each other to address the interconnected concerns of development and justice do not always work together to provide coherent responses to those concerns. This volume examines the relationship between two fields that, academically and in practice, have proceeded largely isolated from each other.

Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Edited by Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Grieff

Vetting—the process by which abusive or corrupt employees are excluded from public office—is often practiced in post-conflict societies, yet it remains one of the least studied aspects of transitional justice. In Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies, a copublication of the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) and the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ), editors Alexander Mayer-Rieckh and Pablo de Greiff have assembled a collection of essays systematically exploring vetting practices in a variety of countries and contexts.

What Happened to the Women? Gender and Reparations for Human Rights Violations

Edited by Ruth Rubio-Marín

What happens to women whose lives are transformed by human rights violations? What happens to the voices of victimized women once they have their day in court or in front of a truth commission? Women face a double marginalization under authoritarian regimes and during and after violent conflicts. Nonetheless, reparations programs are rarely designed to address the needs of women victims. The book argues for the introduction of a gender dimension into reparations programs and explores gender and reparations policies in Guatemala, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Timor-Leste.