Despite the deployment of NATO forces in Kosovo and the UN’s direct involvement in governing the province, such terrors as murder, disappearances, bombings, and arson have become routine occurrences. William O’Neill analyzes the nature of the violence that continues to plague Kosovo’s residents and assesses efforts to guarantee public security. O’Neill considers how the particular evolution of the Kosovo Liberation Army has had enduring negative consequences for the rule of law, how weak UN and NATO policies have contributed to this trend, and how the situation might be reversed. The result is a unique window into a controversial peacekeeping mission, presented from a practitioner’s point of view. O’Neill analyzes the nature of the violence that continues to plague Kosovo and assesses UN and NATO efforts to guarantee public security.