As a part of the Abe Colloquium Series, reports from Abe Journalism Fellows on their comparative investigations into poverty Colloquium Outline and Participants Kumiko Nakatsuka, Asahi Shimbun, Journalist in the Life and Culture News Department “In the Schools, In the Cities: How Can Japan Learn from US and England Strategies to Combat Child Poverty?” Minako Sasako, Yomiuri Shimbun, Staff Writer in the International News Department “Division in American Communities – Report on the Experiences of Sandy Springs” Chiaki Moriguchi, Hitotsubashi University, Professor, Institute of Economic Research, Comparative and World Economics Moderator.
This is the 3rd event in the inaugural year of the Abe Fellows Global Forum - Japan and the Leadership of the World Trading System Broad structural changes over the last quarter century are reverberating through the global economy and the institutions that regulate it. Recent US policy has shifted away from a leadership position in both long-standing institutions such as the WTO and newer trade agreements such as TPP-11 and RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership). These shifts are creating room for stronger regional ties and raise the question of which nation(s) will lead trade initiatives in Asia? Additionally, a shift toward populism across the world threatens to lead countries towards greater economic protectionism. Our speakers will focus on questions related to these issues as they relate to Japan, the US-Japan relationship, and East Asia.
In today’s risk society, as risks and the surrounding environment become more complex and uncertain, there is a growing need to integrate and systematize hitherto scattered fragments of information, data, lessons, experience and expert knowledge through processes of analysis and evaluation. By implementing these processes continuously, it is urgently required to produce operational information to link to policy actors including citizens through different channels and actionable policies. This colloquium will explore the gaps in disaster prevention policy, identify areas for improving disaster risk management, and examine how to best face today’s risk society. Drawing on 2008 Abe fellow Mika Shimizu's recently-published book, Collaborative Knowledge Creation based Resilience, the discussion will look at resilience through processes that foster collaborative knowledge and connect people, systems and knowledge. By fostering a constructive and interdisciplinary dialogue on the relevant issues, this colloquium aims to step forward the current approach for disaster risk management policy.
Although the past decade has witnessed a resurgence of interest in questions of human trafficking, intimate labor, and the feminization of migration, few scholars have positioned the intimate lives of laborers at the center of analysis. This workshop proposes to address this gap in our understanding of the intersections of family, kinship, and the intimate choices of those working in the sphere of intimate labor. Rather than focusing on the labor performed by intimate laborers, we focus instead on the intimate lives of intimate laborers, exploring ways in which their ideas of intimacy, family, kinship, and love are both affected by and affect their migratory labor. In this workshop, we propose to bring together a group of scholars writing about various types of intimate laborers (including domestic workers, nannies, care givers, beauticians, and sex workers) who have migrated across Asia as well as their employers. Admission is free and open to the public. To sign up, please email us at ssrcABE@gol.com with your name, affiliation and telephone number.
While most industrialized countries societies experienced post-industrial revolution demographic transitions spanning a century or more, Japan transformed from a high-fertility to a low-fertility society in just one generation. Through a comparison of the different actors, ideas, institutions, and contexts in each era, Dr. Haig will discuss what Japan's past experience in promoting smaller families tells us about current efforts to promote larger ones.
Net neutrality became a major issue in the United States in 2007 when Comcast was revealed to have “blocked” the Bit Torrent traffic, which resulted in a number of legal challenges in the courts, and calls for government action. Since then, net neutrality has continued to be a hot issue for policy discussions in the U.S. There have also been extensive debates in the European Union over net neutrality, which will orientate future regulations for telecommunications. Despite the heated nature of these debates, almost no discussion of the issue has taken place in Japan. However, since the Internet involves global flows of information, Japan cannot continue to ignore this important issue. During the World Conference on International Telecommunications in Dubai, December 2012, participant countries were severely divided in their opinions over the question of how best to govern the Internet. The division originated from their views of who should bear the costs of infrastructure investment, which is closely related to network neutrality. This question is of crucial interest to both developed and developing countries. The book, which will be the subject of this presentation, addresses questions related to the sound development of the broadband market, what we should expect from a regulatory system, and efforts to evaluate the quality of Internet experience.