Ghana is often touted as a peaceful and stable country in a volatile African region. Although the country is generally stable, this peaceful image can be devious due to the numerous violent conflicts strewn all over the country that threaten its democracy. The inter-ethnic conflict in Bawku, between the Mamprusis and the Kusasis in the Upper East Region of Ghana in particular, has persisted for decades. The cyclical nature of the conflict indicates its defiance to resolution and thereby creating enigma. Researchers have not examined why the problem still exists despite the numerous peace agreements. The seemingly intractable nature of the conflict therefore, calls for rigorous investigation into the obstacles to and opportunities for sustainable peace in Bawku. Using qualitative data collection and analysis techniques, this study, seeks to fill a significant vacuum in the literature on the Bawku conflict in particular and ethnic conflict resolution in general.