The study examines the broader questions surrounding the contemporary conflicts over land amidst return and resettlement of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) in post-conflict northern Uganda. The research seeks to understand the causes,types and politics behind land conflicts, investigate the consequences of insecure access to land with particular interest in 'commercial' and 'green' land grabbing, and understand the strategies that people adopted to reconstitution of destroyed livelihoods and examines the gendered perspectives to dispossession and/or repossession of the formerly abandoned lands. The nature of investigation necessitated the adaption of a qualitative research design and methodology. The inquiry employed several methods of data collection, including key-informant interviews, semi-structured interviews and Focus Groups Discussions (FGD). To ensure validity, credibility and reliability of the data, credible research methods were adopted and principles of good research practice were adhered to during data collection in addition to methodological triangulation and cross-validation of data.