Current Institutional Affiliation
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Political Science and International Relations, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Award Information

Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa: Doctoral Dissertation Completion Fellowship 2015
Institutional Affiliation (at time of award):
Political Science, University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa
United States Africa Command and Human security in Africa.

Since 2005, the US government has shifted its justification for the militarization of the African continent to the more humanitarian security-development discourse. This apparent paradigmatic shift, presents AFRICOM as more benign than it may be. However, the response to the emergence of AFRICOM has ranged from wholesale condemnation to selective criticism of US policy. Skeptics of AFRICOM cite previous US military forays in Africa which led to a disproportionate development of military institutions relative to instruments of civilian rule. Others see AFRICOM as a naked attempt to exert American control over Africa's valuable natural resources. However, this study moves beyond these conjectural debates by providing empirical details of AFRICOM activities and their consequences for human security in Africa. The study therefore, investigates AFRICOM's activities since its formation in 2007. The series of activities by AFRICOM on the continent and its intervention in security situations in Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda make this study very promising in light of the study's intention to engage the strategic possibilities of AFRICOM through a critical review of the objective security conditions in Africa within a changing global security context. The proposed research will help to identify the nexus between AFRICOM and human security in Africa. By doing so, it will help to articulate the security concerns of African States and contribute to discussions on, and practices of, alternative ways of providing human security to African people(s). Human security intervention, in the mode of AFRICOM could increase dependency, power and patronage of certain groups and have negative impacts on coping mechanisms. There is therefore a need to investigate and scrutinize the impact, efficiency, coordination and political agenda of AFRICOM. This study also intends to contribute to that need. The fieldwork will take place in South Africa and Nigeria respectively.