Muema Wambua is a PhD candidate in international relations at the United States International University-Africa (USIU-Africa). He holds a Master of Arts degree in international relations (Summa Cum Laude) from USIU-Africa and a Bachelor of Arts in history (First Class Honors) from Kenyatta University, Kenya. He is the author of “The Ethnification of Electoral Conflicts in Kenya: Options for Positive Peace” (2017) published by African Journal on Conflict Resolution and “Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding: The ICC and TJRC Processes in Kenya” (2019) published by African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review. He has also contributed a chapter titled “Hurting Stalemate in International Interventions: An Analysis of the African Agency in the IGAD-Led Engagements in the South Sudan Crisis, 2013-2018,” in Munyi, E., Mwambari, D. & Ylönen, A. (eds.). Beyond History: African Agency in Development, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution (2020) published by Rowman & Littlefield. He was an SSRC Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa fellow (2018-2019 and 2019-2020), with research interests in the areas of international relations, international interventions, peace, and conflict. In June 2018, he was appointed as a part-time lecturer in the Department of Peace and International Studies at Daystar University, Nairobi. In addition, he is a director in charge of investment and industrialization in the Department of Trade, Industrialization and Innovation in the Government of Machakos County, Kenya.
The gravity of the atrocities committed during violent conflicts heightens the need to contrive peace. In situations where states fail to realize peace, international actors for instance, inter-governmental organizations and regional arrangements, initiate interventions with a view to realize peace settlement. After the signing of peace agreements, there is, however, observed re-entry of conflict in post-intervention regimes. The re-entry into conflict in post-intervention regimes exposes a gap in international interventions. This study suggests a multidimensional approach to international interventions that considers conflict transformation processes well beyond the signing of peace agreements. Using the case study of Kenya, the study explores the conflict transformation mechanisms initiated after the 2007 electoral conflict with a view to establish the outcomes of the interventions in the pursuit of positive peace in the country. The study incorporates primary and secondary sources to extract quantitative and qualitative data in order to enhance validity of research findings.