The purest and most indispensible of public spaces; streets are fundamental integrators of the city and indicators of sustainable urbanization. Conflicts exist between functions of streets and development activities in many cities of Africa. This threatens livability of streets which in turn is a hazard to urban sustainability. This study aims to use quantitative research approach and case study method to investigate the relationship between street livability and sustainable urbanization in Makurdi. The research examines how Africans perceive and use public space and how indigenous utilization patterns can work to foster sustainability. The anticipated findings of this study will highlight the need for policy imperatives for a legal framework on street design and activities that will promote sustainable urbanization; achieve a livability index of streets in Makurdi and also provide data for design of user friendly and so livable cities.