The severity of land degradation in form of resource depletion, deforestation, water and soil pollution, among others in developing countries; the associated livelihood crises, and environmentally-induced conflicts demand more effort towards understanding the role of religious beliefs and worldviews in shaping how people understand and respond to these problems. The crises also call for more research into the role of religious resources in environmental conservation. However, few empirical studies have, so far, been undertaken to examine these dimensions of the relationship between religion and environment in regions such as northeast Nigeria. It is against this background that this study adopts a mixed method approach to examine the connection between religious beliefs and worldviews and land degradation in northeast Nigeria. The findings of the study would help further our understanding of the connection between religious beliefs and worldviews, and land degradation and the role of religious resources in promoting sustainable land use.