Current Institutional Affiliation
Professor Emeritus, International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California / San Diego

Professor Emeritus, School of Global Policy and Strategy (GPS), University of California, San Diego, USA. PhD, Stanford University (1973). Former Positions: Professor, University of Pittsburgh (1986-1995); Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, Lecturer, Western Washington University (1970-1986).  Author, coauthor, co-editor of 8 books and over 70 articles on Japan’s domestic politics and on US-Japan Relations, including The Rise and Fall of Japan’s LDP: Political Party Organizations as Historical Institutions  [co-authored with Robert Pekkanen]. (Cornell University Press, 2010). Beyond Bilateralism: U.S.-Japan Relations in the New Asia-Pacific [co-edited with T.J. Pempel] (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004); Broadcasting Politics in Japan: NHK and Television News (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000); Translated by Gotō Jumpei with a new introduction by the author and published in Japanese as  NHK vs. Nihon Seiji (Tokyo: Tōyō Keizai Shimpōsha, 2006).  Many honors and awards including recently: Harvard University Program on U.S.-Japan Relations’ Distinguished Visitor and the Reischauer Institute’s Japan Forum speaker (April 2015); and Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo-Oxford University Press award for the best article in their journal, Social Science Japan in 2014 for “Choosing Cabinets: Electoral System and Cabinet Appointments in Japan.” Shared award with coauthors Robert Pekkanen and Benjamin Nyblade.    

Award Information

Abe Fellowship 1997
Institutional Affiliation (at time of award):
Professor, International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California / San Diego
Japan and APEC: Regional Multilateralism and US-Japan Relations

One of the most significant international political trends in the world today is the growing regional multilateralism in Pacific Asia centering on APEC. In contrast to its past "reactive" postwar role emphasizing bilateral U.S.-Japan relations, Japan has played a surprisingly key, and occasionally leadership, role in APEC's growth. Most economic, international system, and cultural identity explanations of the trend toward regional multilateralism in Pacific Asia and Japan's role in it neglect the crucial domestic policymaking aspects of this transition. This project will systematically analyze this "missing link" --the politics and policymaking process of Japan's participation in and decision making in the development of APEC and the extent to which and how these have been affected by, and have affected, Japan's (foreign economic and political) policies and policymaking toward the U.S., and the U.S.-Japan relationship. I will use a "multilevel game" approach to the subject, an extension of the "two-level" game analysis used previously in analyzing bilateral relations, including U.S.-Japan trade friction; it will be applied to specific cases of APEC's development that involve key issues in the U.S.-Japan relationship in Asia.