This study considers the effects of short-term weather variations, as an indicator of climate change, on food consumption of the rural households. The singular focus on production has consequently amplified food insecurity in many parts of the world (Amthor 2001; Fuhrer 2003). Many researches on food security focused much on developing modals to measure the crop yield for production. But food security should be looked at more than one component such as accessibility and utilization. The study will be conducted in 3 wards of Bagamoyo district, as a whole a total population is approximately 311,740 according to census in 2012. The district is composed of 22 wards (URT Census report 2012), which have a total of 82 villages. The validity will be ensured by measuring adequate sampling procedures, appropriate statistical tests, and reliable measurement procedures. This is the degree to which a conclusion is credible or believable.