Ndubuisi Christian Ani is a specialist in governance, peace and security. He serves as a Senior Regional Advisor with the GIZ support project at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC), Accra, Ghana. Prior to this, Christian was a researcher at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in Ethiopia and the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) in South Africa. Christian holds a PhD in international relations; a Master of Social Science degree in conflict transformation and peace studies and a Bachelor of Social Science Honours in international relations (Cum Laude) from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. His research interests include issues on human security, peacebuilding, regional integration, social cohesion, race, and indigenous knowledge systems. Christian is the lead advisor in setting up the KAIPTC’s flagship Kofi Annan Peace and Security (KAPS) Forum which provides a dialogue platform on pressing security challenges in Africa.
The inability of African states to combat the insecurities in their respective countries reinforces the discourse on the role of the African Union (AU) in enhancing peace and security across the continent. Since its establishment in 2002, the AU has responded to some security challenges in line with the pan-African political ideal of African solutions to African problems. Drawing from the cases of AU interventions in Sudan, Kenya and Libya, this research evaluates the African Union's capacity to enforce peace and security in the continent. The study interrogates the uniqueness and peculiarities of the African Union's interventions towards operationalizing the ideal of African solutions to African problems. It considers the African Union's developmental prospects in terms of attaining the foregoing ideal. The African Union's efficiency would allay the fears external interference in the continent and enable Africa, as a geopolitical region, to materialize its socio-economic and political aspirations.