This study is an exploration of the apparent disconnect in the State's efforts to manage water resources within a formal legal regime and customary law system(legal plurality) in a bid to enforce regulations. Water allocation and use conflicts in Ghana in recent years resulting from illegal land use practices etc. attest to a problem of water governance. The study focus is on the roles of identified actors and their relationships within a plural legal system. Available studies have been on land and forest governance, functions of state institutions and their mandates but have not definitively assessed the outcomes of water governance in a plural legal system. A qualitative study approach will be adopted to do a case studies of two sites - the Lake Weija and Lake Bosomtwe. In-depth interviews will be used to look at the experiences of these actors at the intersection of different regimes in which they operate. Data will be transcribed and coded with the use of computer assisted qualitative data analysis software.