Mame-Penda Ba is deputy dean of the Faculty of Law and Political science and professor of political science at Gaston Berger University of Saint-Louis–Senegal. She received her “agrégation,” which is the highest teaching diploma in the French system, in political science. Prof. Ba is currently the Scientific Director of the PhD program on Political Science. She also heads the Laboratoire d’analyse des sociétés et pouvoirs / Afrique-Diasporas (Research Laboratory on Societies and Powers Africa/Diaspora, LASPAD). Her research interests cover political sociology of religion, the analysis of public policies, gender studies, and the social genesis and dynamics of the State in Africa.
Sait Matty Jaw, University of The Gambia, Gambia
Lassana Cassama, Universidade Lusófona da Guiné, Guinea Bissau
Pape Chérif Bertrand Bassene, Gaston Berger University, Senegal
Rachid Id Yassine, Gaston Berger University, Senegal
Jean Alain Goudiaby, University Assane Seck, Senegal
Nyimasata Camara, University of The Gambia, Gambia
Indeed, the "no war, no peace" situation has given to peacebuilding approaches different meanings in Casamance, where the terms "Casamancese crisis" and "conflict in Casamance" are used indistinctively. Casamance demonstrates the gray area between 'peace-keeping' (in a context of a situation of violence or no peace) and 'peace-building' (in a context of a lack of violence or no war). It is therefore necessary to study the local mechanisms and practices that maintain, restore and prevent a fragile situation of peace in the Territory of Casamance in order to delimitate "peacekeeping" and "peacebuilding" as an operative concepts.