This research is about ethnic conflicts between the Iteso and Jopadhola in Tororo district in eastern Uganda. The two ethnic groups struggle over the ownership of the name of the district (Tororo) and a rock site (Tororo Rock). The study therefore examines what agency language and physical features have in social group conflicts. In other words, how and why does an immaterial object such as a place name or a material object such as a rock engender social conflicts? What epistemological contribution does language and landscape studies add to existing assumptions on conflict studies? This study will use both subject-specific and generic methods of investigations. It will mix the use of oral sources (oral traditions), historical linguistics, interviews and documentary analyses of written sources such as local archives, the colonial library, police reports, government reports, church records, private records, autobiographies, memoirs, newspapers articles, periodicals, and local records of folk histories.