This study, "Peace Agreements, Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict in Ghana," broadly aims at examining why the ethnic conflict in Bawku, Upper East Region, has defied resolution for decades. Bawku oscillates between recuperation from and resurgence of ethnic conflict. Due to its cyclical nature, the conflict has persisted and thereby creating a conundrum. However, only little attention has been paid to the content of the Damango peace agreement, fear and spoiler issues as obstacles to sustainable peace in Bawku. This study, therefore, aims to fill this significant lacuna by raising the debate further to interrogate the content of the Damango peace agreement, the roles of fear and spoilers in the prolongation of the conflict. To achieve this, the study combines literature review with in-depth interviews, non-participant observation, document analysis, and focus group discussions. Using multiple procedures for collecting and analysing data allow triangulation and improve depth of findings and thus validity.