Tanzania has vast land and a great potential for both seasonal and irrigation farming for the production of food crops. Over 80 % of the food producers are peasants, who ironically are regularly affected by hunger. This study seeks to examine whether the peasants have control of the production process such as land, seeds, and fertilizers to be able to augment their outputs; State agriculture policies are geared towards transforming the peasants from being subsistence to commercial farmers, and; the implications of international rules on agriculture to the state's commitment to regulate/deregulate and coordinate the agricultural sector. Cross-sectional design is employed allowing flexibility in the data collection methods to be used such as questionnaires, interviews (structured and unstructured), document analysis and focus group discussion. The study will also use qualitative and quantitative modes of data analysis.