Fikile Masikane is a PhD candidate in the Department of Sociology, at the University of the Witwatersrand. She focuses on South Africa’s understanding of waged work in relation to black liberation post-1994. She uses the concept and practice of the Sabbath rest from “iBandla namaNazaretha”, an African Initiated Church as an alternative way of understanding what work is and ultimately what rest should be. She has worked as a researcher for various organizations namely the South African Human Rights Commission, and the Department of Urban Planning in Sheffield, UK. Her most recent work was with Advocate Tembeka Ngcukaitobi’s book “The Land is Ours” and continues to offer assistance in the upcoming project that he is working on.
ABSTRACT This thesis argues that indigenous (native, traditional) religious values and beliefs engender a more nuanced and alternative thought – as opposed to the existing capitalist definition or interpretation- of what emancipatory work is for black people; this alternative interpretation of emancipatory work, I suggest, is relevant to black people as it is defined by black people themselves and not those in power, this is in light of the broader South African black emancipation project. I have made use of the Shembe church's concept of 'rest', as the theoretical framework, in order to answer the question: how if at all, does the Shembe church's doctrine of the Sabbath rest [help us] conceptualize the problem of work for blacks in the post-apartheid South Africa? How, furthermore does this practice of the Sabbath rest [help us] conceptualize black liberation? Further, this study used the Shembe church's doctrinal book (church manual or law book), which largely follows the laws or commandments presented in the book of Exodus (Bible). Adopting a qualitative research design, helped in using a method of biblical hermeneutics as a way to dissect and critically analyze the concepts of work and the proposed concept of rest as a way to begin to think of /and practice liberation through the lenses of Isaiah Shembe, the founding father of the movement. Isaiah Shembe understands the Sabbath rest in its literal sense of 'inactivity', this is done by taking the last day of the week off from work and any form of activity that an individual would partake in, in the week. Following this, rest for Isaiah Shembe provides a sense of practical and present/current freedom that individuals claim for themselves as opposed to freedom/liberation as something only hoped for in future, especially for the ever hopeful black people. It is through this understanding of 'rest' that, as Isaiah Shembe presents, helps us understand the problem of waged work, which has been ideally presented by the post-apartheid government, as an emancipato