The study is on legal pluralism, paying particular attention to how the presence of multiple legal orders in water resources governance in Ghana. It goes further to look at levels of legitimacy of these legal frameworks and how the decision making for water carried out in such a governance phenomenon affects water management outcomes. The study will examine the evolution of the roles and mandates of the customary (traditional rulers) and formal (government institutions) in water resources governance in Ghana. It will further look at how governance actors interact taking into account the special characteristics of water as a natural resource and the resultant outcomes of these management frameworks. The study is a mixed methods one applying a legal anthropological approach to excavate legal texts and documents and interview identified actors in-depth. The study will further explore the power dynamics of actors. It will also undertake a survey of local water users to ascertain their knowledge, attitudes and practices and how these interact with social, economic, political and environmental governance outcomes. This study, it is hoped, will provide the methodological input on how to undertake legal pluralism studies in water governance in Africa and which approaches are likely to give the best results for academics and policy makers.