Tamer Mohammed Ahmed Abd Elkreem is a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the University of Khartoum, Sudan. He received a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Bayreuth, Germany, an MPhil in Anthropology of Development from Bergen University, Norway, and a BSc in Sociology and Social Anthropology from the University of Khartoum, Sudan. His PhD dissertation focused on the “Power Relations of Development,” which is the topic of his forthcoming book manuscript. He has published articles on “Whose Dam? The Danger of Narrowly Defined Development: The Case of Kajbar Dam, Northern Sudan,” in Modern Africa: Politics, History and Society; and “Seeing Like a State vs. Seeing Like a Local Community: The Case of Dam Construction in the Nubian Homeland,” with LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
The focus of this study will be devoted to the ethnographic analysis of the socio-cultural practices and repercussions on the drastically regressing scheme. I will explore ramifications and locally adopted strategies to manage the rapidly deteriorating scheme; namely questions of farmers' discontent, perspectives, interests, agendas, and agencies. Again, I explore civil society, collective social actions, migration tendencies, escalating competitions between different ethnic groups on entitlement and generally their own initiatives to develop livelihood conditions. Notwithstanding the magnitude and ever-evolving nature of the Gezira scheme as well as the extensive scholarly attention it attracted before the 1990s, there is a serious dearth of ethnographic interrogation.