Mpumezo Ralo is currently a PhD student at the University of South Africa. He holds an MPhil in South African politics and political economy from the Nelson Mandela University. He also received an Honors degree in anthropology & sociology at the University of the Western Cape and a Bachelor’s from the same university. He co-published with Joleen Steyn-Kotze in 2014 “Bitter Battles and Factionalism: Assessing the impact of the post-Polokwane political contestations in the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality.” Ralo previously held positions as a researcher at Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality and the University of the Western Cape. He is a regular contributor to local and national newspapers for political analysis.