Alaba Favour Ogwumike is a Higher Executive Officer in the Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan. Alaba holds a BA in history from the University of Ilorin, Kwara State (2004) and an MA in peace and conflict studies from the University of Ibadan (2010). She is a research fellow of the Next Generation Social Sciences in in Africa Programs. She is also a member of Women in International Security (WIIS). Currently, she is a PhD student in the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Institute of Peace and Strategic Studies at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Her research foci encompass conflict resolution, conflict management, and peacebuilding.
Abstract The study examines pastoralists' movement, conflicts and peace in South-Southern Nigeria. It examines the structure and spatial pattern of pastoralists' movement, the nature of relationships (both peaceful and conflcitual) that exist between the pastoralists and the host communities in the south – southern region of Nigeria. The cyclic movement of pastoralists leads to conflicts in some communities while the relationships with other communities are not conflictual. The question then is, what are the remote and direct causes of conflicts and what mechanisms are deployed for non-conflictual cases. The research design is historical and exploratory. The primary data will be collected in Delta and Edo states, Nigeria, using structured Key Informant Interview (KII), In-depth Interview (IDI) and a Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The secondary data will be collected from textbooks, journal articles and archival materials. Preliminary information has been gathered during a pilot study to the study sites in order to test how valid the proposed research instruments will be. The study shall bring both pastoralists and farmers to the understanding and the need for a peaceful coexistence in order for development in the country. It shall also provide insight into the remote and direct causes conflicts and the various strategies being adopted for peaceful collaboration in non-conflictual communities. Keyword: Pastoralists, Movement, Conflict, Peace, Farmers