Muema Wambua is a PhD candidate in international relations at the United States International University-Africa (USIU-Africa). He holds a Master of Arts degree in international relations (Summa Cum Laude) from USIU-Africa and a Bachelor of Arts in history (First Class Honors) from Kenyatta University, Kenya. He is the author of “The Ethnification of Electoral Conflicts in Kenya: Options for Positive Peace” (2017) published by African Journal on Conflict Resolution and “Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding: The ICC and TJRC Processes in Kenya” (2019) published by African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review. He has also contributed a chapter titled “Hurting Stalemate in International Interventions: An Analysis of the African Agency in the IGAD-Led Engagements in the South Sudan Crisis, 2013-2018,” in Munyi, E., Mwambari, D. & Ylönen, A. (eds.). Beyond History: African Agency in Development, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution (2020) published by Rowman & Littlefield. He was an SSRC Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa fellow (2018-2019 and 2019-2020), with research interests in the areas of international relations, international interventions, peace, and conflict. In June 2018, he was appointed as a part-time lecturer in the Department of Peace and International Studies at Daystar University, Nairobi. In addition, he is a director in charge of investment and industrialization in the Department of Trade, Industrialization and Innovation in the Government of Machakos County, Kenya.
The gravity of atrocities committed during violent conflicts heightens the need to contrive peace. When domestic actors fail to realize peace, international actors may initiate interventions within sovereign states in order to pursue peace settlements. After the signing of peace agreements, it is however observed the re-entry of violence in post-intervention regimes. This is the research puzzle that this research examines. Using the case of Kenya, this study explores the international interventions that were initiated in the quest for conflict transformation in the country after the signing of the National Accord in 2008. This study integrates a multi-track approach to explicating international interventions in conflict transformation processes. In ensuring validity, the research will deploy multiple data collection methods that incorporates secondary and primary data. The study will also use an inclusion criteria to select key informants on the basis of their knowledge and experience in interventions in conflict transformation processes.