The proposed research is an international and inter-firm comparative studies on dynamic organizational capabilities of manufacturing firms in the field of automobile product development and assembly operations. Based mainly on the resource-capability-based theories of the firm, as well as existing empirical researches on the static comparative studies in this field. The proposed study will explore how firms made transitions from old to new systems in different ways by using firm-specific dynamic organizational capabilities. The study will depend mainly on clinical data based on structured interviews and field observations, but quantitative data will be also collected wherever feasible. The main research sites will include technical units and assembly plants in selected major automobile manufacturers in US, Japan and Europe.