Over the last decades several Latin American countries have been involved in cases of corruption that bind political actors and private corporations. The Criminal Prosecutorial Offices (CPO) have the responsibility to lead investigations and establish litigation strategies to obtain accountability and judicial penalties against corrupt acts, which are key functions to strengthen a democratic rule of law (Langer & Sklansky, 2017). This research has the purpose of gaining understanding of the factors that favor successful criminal prosecution in cases of corruption that bind political actors and private corporations. This research argues that a successful criminal prosecution (characterized by the achievement of enough convictions, agreements, and damage reparations) will be obtained when the institutional structure and the prosecutor’s political strategies reinforce the accountability power of prosecutors over political actors and corporations. To test this argument, this study proposes a comparative analysis of the criminal corruption prosecutions that involve the transnational corporation Odebrecht in Peru and Mexico between 2016 and 2020, through a study of primary and secondary sources.
Mária de Lourdes Velasco Domínguez
Professor, Technological Institute of Monterrey