Edited by Cyril Obi

“African solutions to African problems” is a favorite mantra of the African Union, but since the 2002 establishment of the African Peace and Security Architecture, the continent has continued to face political, material, and knowledge-related challenges to building sustainable peace. Peacebuilding in Africa has sometimes been characterized by interventions by international actors who lack the local knowledge and lived experience needed to fully address complex conflict-related issues on the continent. And researchers living and working in Africa need additional resources and platforms to shape global debates on peacebuilding as well as influence regional and international policy and practitioner audiences. The APN Working Papers series seeks to address these knowledge gaps and needs by publishing independent research that provides critical overviews and reflections on the state of the field, stimulates new thinking on overlooked or emerging areas of African peacebuilding, and engages scholarly and policy communities with a vested interest in building peace on the continent.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in working papers published as part of the APN Working Paper Series are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the African Peacebuilding Network or the Social Science Research Council, unless directly stated otherwise.

No. 1

The Financing of International Peace Operations in Africa: A Review of Recent Research and Analyses
By Corinna Jentzsch

No. 2

Just Peace: Achieving Peace, Justice, and Development in Post-conflict Africa
By Dan Kuwali

No. 3

Toward a Community of Practice: ECOWAS and Peace and Security Policy Communities in West Africa
By Olawale Ismail

No. 4

The “Chief” and the New Baraza: Harnessing Social Media for Community Policing in Kenya
By Duncan Omanga

No. 5

Beyond the Rebellion Alternative Narratives of Violent Conflicts and the Implications for Peacebuilding in the Niger Delta
By Tarila Marclint Ebiede

No. 6

Blaise Compaoré in the Resolution of the Ivorian Conflict: From Belligerent to Mediator-in-Chief
By Amy Niang

No. 7

The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Conflict and the African Standby Force: Options for Peace Intervention in Africa
By Jude Cocodia

No. 8

Decolonizing the Mainstreaming of Gender in Peacebuilding: Toward an Agenda for Africa
By Heidi Hudson

No. 9

African Boundary Conflicts and International Mediation: The Absence of Inclusivity in Mediating the Bakassi Peninsula Conflict
By Aloysius Nyuymengka Ngalim

No. 10

“Leave No One to Tell the Tales”: The Role of Pain and Recollection in Post-Conflict Reconciliation in Africa
By Bukola Adeyemi Oyeniyi

No. 11

Fleeing Boko Haram: The Trauma of Captivity and Challenge of Freedom
By Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome

No. 12

Women and the African Peace and Security Architecture
By Hussaina J. Abdullah

No. 13

Teaching Peacebuilding in African Universities: Bridging the Gap between the Field and the Classroom
By Isaac Olawale Albert

No. 14

Ethnic Minorities and Land Conflicts in Southwestern Nigeria
By Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe

No. 15

A Survey of Mediation in African Coups
By Laurie Nathan

No. 16

“Everyone Is Doing It”: The Changing Dynamics of Youth Gang Activity in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
By Rosette Sifa Vuninga

No. 17

Revisiting the “Primacy of Politics” in Contemporary Peacebuilding Enterprise in Africa
By Rhuks Ako

No. 18

The Challenges of Reintegration in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: The Case of Nigeria’s Niger Delta
By Oluwatoyin Oluwaniyi

No. 19

Memory, Reconciliation, and Peacebuilding in Post-Civil War Nigeria
By Godwin Onuoha

No. 20

Securing Our Lives: Women at the Forefront of the Peace and Security Discourse in Kenya
By Vicky Karimi

No. 21

An Overview of Recent Trends in African Scholarly Writing on Peacebuilding
By Festus K. Aubyn

No. 22

Leadership Targeting as a Counterterrorism Strategy: The Nigerian Experience
By Gbemisola Animasawun

No. 23

Wole Soyinka: Writing and Speaking Peace
By Okey Ndibe

No. 24

“The Ambivalence of the Sacred”: Religion, Conflict Resolution, and Peacebuilding in Northern Nigeria, 2000–2015
By Jacinta Chimaka Nwaka

No. 25

Gang Relationships in a Black Township in South Africa
By Diana Gibson and Godfrey Maringira

No. 26

Conflict and Cooperation in the Eastern Nile: The Role of Business
By Rawia Tawfik

No. 27

ECOWAS Mediation in Togo’s 2017/2018 Political Crisis: Feats, Deadlocks, and Lessons
By Brown Odigie

No. 28

Youth Patronage: Violence, Intimidation, and Political Mobilization in Zimbabwe
By Godfrey Maringira and Simbarashe Gukurume

No. 29

Emergence and Persistence of the “Enfants Microbes” Phenomenon in Côte d’Ivoire
By Gnangadjomon Kone and Moussa Fofana

No. 30

Contemporary Investigations on Academic Freedom and Conflict in Africa: A Metaphorical Linguistic Analysis
By Abdul Karim Bangura

No. 31

A Double-Edged Sword: Examining the Role of the State in National Dialogues as Mechanisms of Nation-building in Uganda and Rwanda
By Abdul Karim Bangura

No. 32

The Center Is Not Holding: Analyzing South Sudan’s Social Cohesion Architecture in the Evolving Context of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS)
By Tunji Namaiko

No. 33

The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Use of its Documentation: An Analysis
By Proscovia Svärd

No. 34

Rethinking Military Responses to Terrorism and Insurgency in Nigeria
By Maurice Ogbonnaya

No. 35

An Overview of the African Peacebuilding Network’s (APN’s) Contribution to African Peacebuilding Literature
By Godwin Onuoha