Research Brief

Land Formalization by Local NGOs in Eastern Congo: Institutional Pluralism, Depoliticization, and Competition

Akilimali, Joël Baraka


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The Congo Research Briefs are a joint publication of the Conflict Research Group (CRG) at Ghent University, the Social Science Research Council (SSRC), the Study Group on Conflicts and Human Security (GEC-SH) at the Centre de recherches universitaires du Kivu (CERUKI), and the Governance-in-Conflict Network (GiC). These briefs provide concise and timely summaries of ongoing research on the DRC that is being undertaken by CRG, SSRC, GEC-SH, GiC, and their partners.

This article is a joint output of the following research projects: “PRD Land Rush – Une rechercheaction sur les conflits fonciers liés à l’accaparement des ressources naturelles dans la province du Sud-Kivu en RDC : Renforcement des capacités et plaidoyer politique” funded by the Académie de Recherche et d’Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) at the Catholic University of Louvain; the Conflict Research Programme, led by the London School of Economics and Political Science and funded by UK Aid of the UK government (GB- 1-204428); and the “State Formation through the Local Production of Property and Citizenship” project (Ares (2015)2785650 – ERC-2014-AdG – 662770-Local State), led by the Department of Food and Resource Economics at the University of Copenhagen.

We are grateful to Professor Emery Mudinga, Professor Aymar Nyenyezi Bisoka, Professor Christian Lund, and the reviewers for their valuable comments on earlier drafts. In addition, we would like to thank the following organizations for their collaboration during the research: Action pour la Paix et la Concorde (APC); Action Sociale et d’Organisation Paysanne (ASOP); ZOA, especially the ZOA-IRCSFCG consortium through the Maji ya Amani project; the Institut Supérieur de Développement Rural de Bukavu (ISDR) ; the Service Foncier de la Chefferie de Ngweshe in Walungu Territory; and the Service Foncier de la Chefferie de Bukavu in Kalehe Territory.