1999 IDRF Fellow Duanfang Lu’s book charts the evolution of the contemporary Chinese urban built environment. Following the socialist revolution of 1949, China’s architects and planners attempted to remodel urban settlements according to modern neighborhood design and planning principles. However, the gigantic social upheaval left these attempts unsuccessful. The result was a divided landscape: a modern functional urban world of work units (danwei)—the largely self-contained entities which integrated workplace, housing, and social services—strictly separated from an underdeveloped rural world. Buy from Amazon.